Frogs are amazing little creatures! Learn all about them with these great facts about frogs for kids. The croaking that you hear near ponds, swamps and lakes is nothing but a beautiful little frog. These amphibious creatures are really very interesting. Where can you find an animal that has the ability to live underwater and also can come out of the water and survive?
An Amphibious Animal
Did you know there are more than 4,700 species of frogs in the world? The smallest is a mere 7 mm in length and is native to Papua New Guinea; while the largest species of frog is the Goliath frog found in West Africa. This frog species weighs about 7 lbs and is 13 inches in length.
Frogs are amphibious animals. This means they spend some part of their life in water, where they use gills (just like fish) to breathe and the remaining part of their lives is spent on land, where they use lungs to breathe.
Photo Credit: Brian Gratwicke (CC License)
Different species of frogs
Did you know like all other animals and reptiles, frogs too can be found in different sizes and shapes. Continent to continent, the frog looks different but all of them can live both on land and in water. A few of the most popular species are bullfrogs, tree frogs, dart frogs etc.
My Good Looks
Frogs don’t have tails and their hind legs are longer than their front legs. As a result, frogs use their powerful hind legs to leap and can cover quite a distance, considering their size. You will always find a frog’s skin moist and smooth. Depending on the species, the color of the frog can range from brown, green, bright red, black to yellow.
Photo Credit: Gabor Kovacs (CC License)
My Healthy Diet
It can be fascinating to see frogs capture their prey. Frogs, regardless of the species, fling out their long, sticky tongues to catch their prey. While a frog’s diet is dependent on its species, most eat flies, cockroaches and spiders. If the frog is large in size, it can even consume mice, birds and snakes!
A frog has its share of predators. Birds, fish, otters, lizards and snakes are some of the predators in the wild. Even humans consume frogs. They eat the legs, which are said to be a delicacy in some parts of the world, namely South America, Asia, Spain, Greece, Portugal, Italy and France.
Photo Credit: AllieKF (CC License)
My Complex Lifecycle
You will study the lifecycle of a frog in school. But this will give you a brief overview of how frogs go from being tadpoles to adult frogs. Frogs lay their eggs in water in circular masses. Usually, these eggs are laid in water that doesn’t flow fast, as it increases the chance of survival. These eggs hatch into tadpoles, which have a tail for swimming and gills for breathing. As the tadpole grows, it begins developing legs and its tail becomes smaller. When they tadpole reaches 12 weeks, it has more than a passing resemblance to a frog. At this stage it is called a froglet, as it still has remnants of the tail but can breathe air with its lungs. As the froglet develops, it loses its tail.
Other Interesting Facts about Frogs
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- A frog can jump a distance that is 10 times its body length
- Did you know frogs drink water? They absorb water through their skin to keep themselves hydrated and their skin moist
- Frogs shed their skin weekly and when this happens, the frog will consume it
- The most poisonous frog in the world is the dart frog. This frog inhabits the rainforests of Central and South America
- Each year a frog hibernates, it develops a new layer of bone. This helps herpetologists (scientists who study amphibians and reptiles) determine the age of a frog
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